The term periodontal refers to the area "around the tooth." Periodontal disease is a bacterial infection that damages the gums and bones that support the teeth. Plaque is a sticky coating composed of food particles, germs, and saliva. If plaque is not removed, calculus develops (tartar). Without proper removal of plaque and calculus, they begin to erode the gums and bone. Puffy, red, and bleeding gums are signs of periodontal disease.
Not only is periodontal disease a major cause of tooth loss; however, research indicates that it might also be associated with other illnesses, including bacterial pneumonia, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and increased risk during pregnancy.
Periodontal Disease Signs and Symptoms
- Bleeding gums: Gums should never bleed, regardless of how aggressively you brush or how much dental floss, you use.
- Loose teeth: the result of bone resorption or compromised periodontal fibers (fibers that support the tooth to the bone)
- Increased gap between teeth as a result of bone loss
- Persistent foul breath: caused by oral bacteria.
- Receding gums: a receding gum line around a tooth.
- Red, swollen gums: Gums should never be red or swollen.
- Sensitization or irritability: plaque, calculus, and germs irritate the gums and teeth.
Treatment for Periodontal Disease
Methods of periodontal therapy vary according to the kind and severity of the disease. Periodontal disease will be evaluated and treatment recommended by your dentist and dental hygienist.
The periodontal disease worsens when bacteria, plaque, and tartar accumulate in the sulcus (pocket or gap) between the tooth and gums, irritating the surrounding tissues. When these irritants persist in the pocket area for an extended period, They may wreak havoc on the gums and, eventually, on the bone that supports the teeth! One to two routine cleanings will be advised if gingivitis is detected early and no damage has been done.
If the disease has evolved to a more severe level, scaling and root planing (deep cleaning) will be advised. This procedure eliminates tartar, plaque, and toxins above and below the gum line (scaling) and smooth rough spots on tooth surfaces. Typically, the procedure is performed in one quadrant of the mouth while the region is numb. This technique promotes gum tissue healing and pocket reduction. The dentist may provide medication, medicated mouth rinses, and an electric toothbrush to help with infection prevention and recovery.
Now, say goodbye to severe gum diseases with Select Care Dental. We offer advanced treatments for periodontal diseases by our experienced dentists Dr. Anderson and Dr.Nuttall. For more information and appointments, call Dentist Redmond OR at (541) 923-7633, book online, or visit us directly at 774 Southwest Rimrock Way, Redmond, Oregon 97756.